Acne vulgaris is the most common skin disease in industrial nations. It usually begins during puberty, with hormonal changes and may persist into adulthood. Approximately 80-90% of young people are affected to some degree with blemishes and 20-30% of these people will seek medical support. There are also increasing numbers of adults, particularly women, experiencing acne later in life.
With acne, skin becomes oily and open and closed comedones (black and whiteheads) appear on the face and often the neck, shoulders, chest and back too. In moderate and severe acne, skin becomes reddened and inflamed, papules and pustules develop. Acne can be emotionally distressing, annoyingly persistent and can lead to
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1. Mild acne, also known as acne comedonica.
2. Moderate acne, also known as acne papulopustulosa.
3. Severe acne, also known as acne conglobata.
03 Microbial colonisation
Bacteria that normally live harmlessly on skin (propionibacteria) build up and can then colonise the plugged follicles, causing papules, pustules, nodules or cysts.
The consequence is reddened and inflamed skin. In severe cases of acne, the follicle wall bursts in the late phase of inflammation. Lipids, fatty acids, corneocytes, bacteria and cell fragments are released, causing extensive and deep inflammation in the adjacent tissue.
If there is still some confusion about whether symptoms are acne-related or not, the Skin Test could provide the answer. Additionally seek dermatological advice from a doctor or other skin specialist.
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Read more about non-medicinal acne therapies.
The majority of acne cases vanish spontaneously after puberty. Nevertheless, effective treatment is needed to prevent the formation of lasting scars.
There is also thought to be a genetic link which increase a person’s risk of developing acne. So, if both parents had acne, there is a higher chance that their child will go on to develop the condition.
Similarly, if one or both parents had adult acne, their offspring stand a higher chance of getting adult acne too.
Whilst not the cause of acne, some things are known to aggravate the symptoms:
It is important to seek your GP's advice in the early stages of acne, even when symptoms are mild. Effective medical treatment can prevent an aggravation of the disease and the potential for scarring.
Some general rules should also be followed:
Although there is no ‘cure’ for acne and blemish-prone skin, medicinal and non-medicinal therapies can be very effective in preventing the formation of new spots and scarring.
Depending on the severity of the acne , blemish prone skin sufferers can use a cleanse, clear, care routine such as the Eucerin DermoPURIFYER range, be prescribed medical treatments such as retinoids or oral antibiotics or a combination of both. Some medical treatments are known to have dehydrating side effects which can be helped by adjunctive moisturising care.
This daily routine should also include an appropriate sunscreen for acne,blemish-prone skin such as the Eucerin Sun Fluid Mattifying SPF 30/50+.
Read more about medicinal acne therapies
Read more about non-medicinal acne therapies
Read more about the Eucerin DermoPURIFYER range
Read more about facial sun protection