There are many reasons why someone may develop hyperpigmentation, including over-exposure to UV-sunlight, genetic disposition, age, hormonal influences, inflammation or injury. There are several hyperpigmentation disorders, one of which is pigment spots.
Age spots (lentigo senilis or lentigo solaris) are a form of pigment spots.
Usually found on the hands, face and décolleté, or other areas frequently exposed to the sun, age spots are small, flat, darkened patches of skin (light brown to black in colour). They tend to appear on areas of skin that are most exposed to sun, such as the back of the hands, face, forearms, forehead and shoulders. The appearance of pigment spots can make sufferers feel less self-conscious, particularly given their association with ageing.
Although pigment spots are usually harmless certain forms can be life-threatening, as in the case of melanoma. Therefore a regular dermatological assessment of the skin for pigment spots is advisable.